Deposit means the unpaid balance of money or its equivalent received by a bank in the usual course of business and for which it has given or is obliged to give credit to a commercial, checking, savings, time or thrift account, evidenced by a passbook, certificate of deposit, or other evidence of deposit issued in accordance with Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas rules and regulations and other applicable laws, together with such other obligations of a bank, which, consistent with banking usage and practices, the Board of Directors of the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC) shall determine and prescribe by regulations to be deposit liabilities of the bank: Provided, That any obligation of a bank which is payable at the office of the bank located outside of the Philippines shall not be a deposit for any of the purposes of R.A. No. 3591 as amended or included as part of the total deposits or of insured deposit: Provided, further, That subject to the approval of the Board of Directors of the PDIC, any insured bank which is incorporated under the laws of the Philippines which maintains a branch outside the Philippines may elect to include for insurance its deposit obligations payable only at such branch.
The PDIC shall not pay deposit insurance for the following accounts or transactions:
(1) Investment products such as bonds and securities, trust accounts, and other similar instruments;
(2) Deposit accounts or transactions which are fictitious or fraudulent as determined by the Corporation;
(3) Deposit accounts or transactions constituting, and/or emanating from, unsafe and unsound banking practice/s, as determined by the Corporation, in consultation with the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, after due notice and hearing, and publication of a directive to cease and desist issued by the Corporation against such deposit accounts, transactions or practices; and
(4) Deposits that are determined to be the proceeds of an unlawful activity as defined under Republic Act No. 9160, as amended.
The actions of the Corporation taken under Section 5(g) shall be final and executory, and may only be restrained or set aside by the Court of Appeals, upon appropriate petition for certiorari on the ground that the action was taken in excess of jurisdiction or with such grave abuse of discretion as to amount to a lack or excess of jurisdiction. The petition for certiorari may only be filed within thirty (30) days from notice of denial of claim for deposit insurance. (Sec. 5(g), R.A. No. 3591, as renumbered and amended by R.A. No. 10846)